Edited, and with a preliminary discourse by, Viscount Henry August Dillon. London: Small 4to, quarter leather and black cloth. 268 pp. 1st edition thus, inscribed by the ‘author’ (Dillon). Numerous full-page plates and engravings of military tactics and formations. Aelian's military treatise is a handbook of Greek drill and tactics as practiced by the successors of Alexander the Great. Thought to have been first published in the 2d century, an Arabic translation was made about 1350. It was first translated into Latin about 150 years later and was of great use to the army organizers of the 16th century, who were engaged in fashioning a regular military system out of the semi-feudal systems of previous generations. Condition: Covers heavily worn, rounded and rubbed at corners. Spine labeling is mostly worn away. Front hinge loose. Interior is clean and tight with only light foxing. FFEP partially detached. Bookplate inside front paste down.